Micro-grid controversies and choices

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A micro-grid is an evolved electric power grid, creates customer-focused feedback loops between various services including the electrical power supplier, conservation service provider, long-distance or global communications provider, and the (one) customer.

micro-grid controversies and choices[edit]

  • US/California says customer owns all the data
  • three common approaches to "the smart meter"
    • cheap wireless network paid by customers
    • powerline network paid by taxpayers (EU, IN)
    • robust fibre backbone paid by telecom users
  • controversial (pricing, "radiation", privacy)
    • "radiation" an excuse to object to pricing
    • "interference" from early powerline networks
    • fibre inherently expensive, ends in old wire
  • regardless of wiring/meter, it's one big grid
  • wrong approach can exterminate/create a utility
    • PG&E lost several to local California co-ops
    • XCel Energy lost its mandate in Boulder, CO
    • Emera uses powerline-network meters in Bangor
    • EPB rolled out gigabit to six counties in TN

the communications picture[edit]

  • gigabit-or-better Internet connections in N.A.
    • very likely rolled out with/by power companies
    • Verizon stopped FTTH, partnered with power cos
    • EPB in Chattanooga: gigabit Internet $350/mo [1]
  • why? much more data is coming in on less wire
    • fibre optic networks carry Internet, TV, voice
    • Internet radio already in homes, IP TV soon also
    • Voice over IP (VoIP), e.g. Skype, widely used
    • wireless devices proliferating (even absurdly)
    • 3G/4G cell networks getting competition from 5G
    • power distributor perfectly positioned for this
  • phone and pad as "universal remote" for your home
    • demos by innovators (Google, Apple, GE, Microsoft)
    • phone/pad uses NFC, Bluetooth, 3G/4G, WiFi or USB
    • these devices run on Android, iOS, QNX, Windows8
  • ad hoc networks not viable for large scale control
    • regulators have ruled them unfit for smart grid
    • utilities need dedicated secure AES-128 networks
    • data demands will rapidly rise to choke wireless

vendors[edit]

FTTP by country e.g. USA

carriers[edit]

jurisdictions[edit]