See the advice paths for useful next steps.
The US NIST sets standards for grid automation, notably the Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework. This has very much changed incumbent utility policy throughout North America. The universal deployment of smart grids provides for 100% takeup of basic services and may be a reason why G.hn over BPL wins over FTTH without utility grade fiber. Power grid terms can be confusing: Try to acquire some of those before you read much further. See unified district utility for how a smart grid complements other types of utility services and Bristol, VA BVU and Chattanooga, TN EPB for examples.
- substation and distribution restoration timing
- efficient energy use
- reliable power
- managed energy use
were seen as valuable goals.
A wise grid goes further...
The so-called smart grid is more of a publicity or marketing than technology concept. Most of the changes to the power grid have been going on for several decades. What is new is that so-called smart building/building automation has reached residences, not just BACnet-equipped commercial buildings, and tecnnologies like Google Nest and home area networks relying on IEEE 1901 are now common. Rural BPL solutions are also deployed where FTTH has proven impractical. In practice a gigabit guarantee to local transit exchange is more useful as a goal than universal fiber optic builds due to many ways to reach into the house from the pole with communication, and security and simplicity needs dictating that the fiber interconnect devices are better managed on a pole.