for early adopters
Early adopters see a professional or political or personal value in using something before everyone else, especially if they believe it will catch on ultimately everywhere. They should consider adopting power-integrated approaches like powerline networking and PoE early and blaze a trail for ultra-efficient combined competitive power and data networking, saving in utilities.
Towns that own their own public power districts, rural electric co-operatives, native reserves (called in Canada First Nations and in the US tribal lands), and large corporate/government/academic campus settings, usually have the authority to unify all district services into a common utility and provider model. Organizations of community anchor institutions such as university/college or hospital networks also usually play a significant role.
Using universal wired broadband with wired backup with no new wiring required anywhere, markets in transit exchange and co-generated power where no monopoly controls any utility service(s) can evolve, allowing the operators to back off and facilitate competition where necessary, but take control where necessary as well. As of 2012 the model for this is open access dark fibre middle mile systems that are carrier-neutral and available for any carrier to serve the town/district/reserve/campus. Santa Monica for instance provides a 10G guarantee to local transit exchange in LA at 1 Wilshire at which 200 service providers compete.
Larger regions (such as major cities or small states or provinces) can set policies amenable to deploy and exploit combined communications and power capabilities. For instance, small towns may seek to attract teleworkers or smart grid/cleantech companies, or financial services companies that require little physical infrastructure. Cities may focus economic development outreach on major integrators such as vehicle makers (such as Volkswagen which set up in Chattanooga), or whole industries such as video games or other software. Those seeking to attract media companies may pass anti-SLAPP laws (such as California, NY state, Quebec and Iceland ) to ensure free exchange of reports, satire, comment and criticism. They can make electric vehicle policy clearer, faster and fairer, so that they are desirable tourist destinations for EV drivers, and extremely desirable places for EV-compatible businesses to set up and test offerings.
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